Caesalpinia sappan L. (Leguminosae) is found in India, Malaysia, southern China, and tropical Asia, and its heartwood Sappan lignum is used as a red dye. Family Name: Fabaceae (Leguminosae). Common Names: Sappan Wood, Brazilwood Tree, Sappan. Chinese Name: 苏木. by; G. Renu, Sanjana Julias Thilakar, D. Narasimhan, Centre for Floristic Research, Department of Botany, Madras Christian College, Tambaram. (0 ratings).

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The liver-to-body weight ratios of control group against normal group was 6. The dye can also be extracted with alcohol and other organic solvents. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. Effects of Viscum album L.

Brazilein, an important immunosuppressive component from Caesalpinia sappan L. Thus, no between-group difference was found to be significant. YHK provided technical details and results validation.

D, Add Add References: Anti-convulsant compounds from the wood of Caesalpinia sappan L. Caesalpinia sappan is often planted as a living fence and ornamental.

Citation in news articles. Brazilin isolated from Caesalpinia sappan L. CIA has been widely used as the animal model in RA research and demonstrated to resemble human RA more closely in terms of clinical, histological and immunological features, as well as genetic linkage, compared with other experimental arthritis models cwesalpinia 39 ].

Initially sappanwood grows straight but after having attained a height of about 2. In tropical Africa about 25 species are indigenous, naturalized or cultivated.

India Biodiversity Portal

Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India Desc: Search form Search this site. Joseph B, Raj SJ. A decoction of the wood showed antibiotic activity against StaphylococcusSalmonella typhiShigella flexneriShigella dysenteriae and Bacillus subtilis.


The colour deepens to dark red upon prolonged exposure to sunlight or air. This is a natural red pigment with both anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities [ 1719 ]. For use as a dyewood the tree must be harvested every 6—8 years, to allow the heartwood to become fully developed; for firewood it may be harvested every 3—4 years when the trunk has attained a diameter of 5—6 cm.

We found that brazilin prepared from ethyl acetate extracts of C.

Then the paper can be hammered. Biancaea sappan is a species of flowering tree in the legume family, Fabaceaethat is native to tropical Asia.

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zappan In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. User specific search options User. Which patients need additional central density skeletal measurements? In a previous study, nine compounds from C.

The stem and leaves contain alkaloids and tannins, abundant saponin and phytosterol. Twig dieback Lasiodiplodia theobromae [3]. It is cultivated and naturalized in many parts of the tropics.

Table 1 Microstructure of cancellous bone at the distal part of the left femur. Each paw was scored on a scale of 0—4 an arthritis indexwhere 0 indicated inflammation; 1 edema or erythema of one joint; 2 edema or erythema of two joints whether of one or two digits ; 3 edema or erythema of more than two joints whether of one, two, or three digits ; and 4 severe arthritis of the entire paw or all digits [ 21 ].

Statistical analysis was performed with a 2-sample t-test comparing each sample group to the related normal group.


Effect of Minodronic acid ONO on bone mineral density and arthritis in adult rats cqesalpinia collagen-induced arthritis.

Effects of brazilin from Caesalpinia sappan L. Chemical shifts are reported in parts per million ppm downfield from those of an internal tetramethylsilane TMS standard. The challenges of peripheral bone density testing: Vasorelaxing effects of Caesalpinia sappan: Then the decoction is leaved for fermentation during several days xaesalpinia to the color expected to obtain.

Rheumatoid arthritis RA is a systemic inflammatory disease of the synovium, cartilage, and bone. Usually the plants are grown in the shade of trees in the forest or in forest borders. Caesalpinia sappan Caesalpinia sappan L.

Biancaea sappan – Wikipedia

Statistical analysis Statistical analysis featured one-way analysis of variance. Search in all groups Search within this group. At the 42nd day, mice sera were collected, and the sappna of pro-inflammatory cytokines and stress enzyme markers in serum were measured using standard immunoassay methods.

Support Center Support Center. The portal will be unavailable all day on Spapan 23rd Dec for maintenance. Overview Overview Diagnostic Diagnostic Keys. In vitro anti-influenza viral activities of constituents from Caesalpinia sappan.

The fermented wood is boiled in water. Suppression of the onset and progression of collagen-induced arthritis in rats by QFGJS, a preparation from an anti-arthritic Chinese herbal formula.