The Inhuman. Reflections on Time. J can-Francois Lyotard. Translated by Geofirey Bennington and Rachel Bowlby l] g Polity Press. Jean-François Lyotard was a French philosopher, sociologist, and literary theorist . . Years later, this led him into writing his book The Inhuman, published in. In this major study, now available in paperback, Lyotard develops his analysis of the phenomenon of postmodernity, and examines the philosophy of Kant.

Author: Kelkree Jukus
Country: Yemen
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Finance
Published (Last): 15 November 2018
Pages: 269
PDF File Size: 2.19 Mb
ePub File Size: 7.36 Mb
ISBN: 231-2-70435-336-2
Downloads: 15412
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Gukus

Jean-François Lyotard – Wikipedia

This also means that there is no “correct” way of concatenating a phrase, no correct phrase regimen to be employed in following one phrase with another. What is represented is constantly deferred. Knowledge in the form of an informational commodity indispensable to productive power is already, and will continue to be, a major—perhaps the major—stake in the worldwide competition for power. Augustine The Confession of Augustine was incomplete at the time of Lyotard’s death, and has been published posthumously in partial form, with working notes appended.

Conversely, however, affects dissimulate systems. Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University’s proxy server Configure custom proxy use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy. Most true “discoveries,” Lyotard argues, are discoveries by virtue of the fact that they are so radical that they change the rules of the game – they cannot even be articulated within the rules of the “dominant” game which is dominant because it draws the consensus of opinions.

We should interpret Lyotard as taking this to be a good thing, since such a proliferation more accurately reflects his general ontological view of the world as composed of events which give rise to multiple interpretations, and which can never be accurately captured by a single narrative. In this book, Kant explains this mixture of anxiety and pleasure in the following terms: Robert Harvey and Mark S.


The Inhuman: Reflections on Time by Jean-François Lyotard

For both Wittgenstein and Lyotard, language games are incommensurable, and moves in one language game cannot be translated into moves in another language game. They can be linked one onto the other in accordance with an end fixed by the a genre of discourse …Genres of discourse supply rules for linking together heterogeneous phrases, rules that are proper for attaining certain goals: Lyotard’s writings cover a large range of topics in philosophy, politics, and aesthetics, and experiment with a wide variety of styles.

Lyotard uses the concepts of a phrase universe and of the difference between presentation and situation in order to show how phases can carry meanings and yet be indeterminate. Metaphysically, Lyotard is a materialist, and for him affects must be understood as concrete material entities. As the revolution began inLyotard joined Socialisme ou Barbarie Socialism or Barbarismwhich also included Claude Lefort — innuman Cornelius Castoriadis —important political thinkers in their own right.

To question requires that something happen inhumah reason has not yet known.

Lyotard became an intellectual militant, and asserts that for fifteen years he was so dedicated to the cause of socialist revolution that no other aspect of life with the sole exception of love diverted him from this task.

Lyotard famously defines the postmodern as ‘incredulity towards metanarratives,’ where metanarratives are understood as totalising stories about history and the goals of the human race that ground and legitimise knowledges and cultural practises.

Jean François Lyotard

Logos and Techne or Telegraphy. The figural is the disruptive force that is irreducible lyohard any systemic or linguistic approach to language.

From a Nietzschean and Lyotsrd point of view James WilliamsLyotard’s postmodern philosophy took a turn toward a destructive modern nihilism that his early work avoids. Lyotard’s early political commitments were to revolutionary socialism and a relatively orthodox Marxism see Biography and Early Works b Algeria. University of Paris B.


Lyotard points a suspicious finger at multinational corporations. The libidinal philosophy begins Lyotard’s general commitment to an ontology of events, which also underlies his later postmodern philosophy.

This is not to say that links within regimens are not without conflict: After his arrival, Lyotard immersed himself in the works of Marx while updating himself on the Algerian situation. Following disputes with Cornelius Castoriadis inLyotard left Socialisme ou Barbarie for the newly formed splinter group Pouvoir Ouvrierbefore resigning from Pouvoir Ouvrier in turn in The postmodern would be that which, in the modern, puts forward the unpresentable in presentation itself; that which denies itself the solace of good forms, the consensus of a taste which would make it possible to share collectively the nostalgia for the unattainable; that which searches for new presentations, not in order to enjoy them but in order to impart a stronger sense of the unpresentable.

Paganism is godless politics; it is the abandonment of universal judgement for specific, plural judgements. That is, they have more than one possibility.

Jean-François Lyotard (1924—1998)

Povilas Marozas rated it really liked it Jun 26, In Just Gaminghe analyses situations where questions of justice and judgement arise in terms of language games. Secondly, if there are no rules there is no game and even a small change in the rules changes the game. According to Lyotard, postmodernity is characterised by the end of metanarratives. Mark rated it liked it Jan 21, In Discours, figurevisual arts are associated with the figural and the process of seeing.